seibo (or oseibo)

What is "Seibo (or Oseibo)"?
In Japan, the word of "Seibo" means year end.
The word "Seibo" means literally end of the year.
In modern times it means the gift at the end of the year, but it was originally the habit to bring a gift to the person who helped you in the past 1 year.
CONTENTS
1. What is "Seibo (or Oseibo)" ?
2. To whom is the Oseibo presented?
3. When is the Oseibo presented?
4. What goods are presented to the Oseibo (Year-end gift)?
5. How much is the budget of this present?
What is "Seibo (or Oseibo)"?
The word of Seibo means year end.
Originally, it was an event of the end of the year that people bring the offering gift for Toshigami(new year's god) to the head of the house.
There were manners that people present these things to the god, such as the salted salmon, the herring roe, the dried cuttlefish, and the rice cake, etc.
Today, it became the present that shows gratitude to indebted person.

oseibo

The package like this image is used for the present of Oseibo.
We call this package "noshi" or "noshigami" in Japanese.
The title of Oseibo is written on upper half of this package. And, a presenter's name is written on lower half of this one.
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To whom is the Oseibo presented?
Generally, we send Oseibo (Year-end gift) to the following list.
(1)The relative.
(2)The Nakoudo (matchmaker).
(3)The physicians or doctor in charge.
(4)The teacher at each learning.
(5)The superior and the customer in the company etc. .
If you judge from your idea you were not especially indebted from them, it is not necessary to present Oseibo to the superior in the company and the teacher at the school.
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When is the Oseibo presented?
The greater part of people will present Oseibo by December 1st to December 20th on the solar calendar.
That gift changes its name to "Nenga" or "Onenga" between December 26 and January 7. The Nenga is greeting word that celebrates beginning of year.
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What goods are presented to the Oseibo (Year-end gift)?
Today, it is popular to present the Sanchokuhin. Do you know the word of sanchokuhin? It is the word meaning "Commodity or goods that will be sent directly from the producer or production's shop or production's factory". We call "sanchokuhin" or "sanchichokusouhin" about them.
In sanchokuhin, we select the commodity with the local speciality, or goods with something special and wonderful charm.
In other ideas, it seems that a preference beverage such as the beer, beverage and coffee and practical goods such as the seasoning, the washing detergent and soap are good.
In some cases, we present perishable foods for the New Year. We have to send it to reach at day near the end of the year if perishable foods for the New Year is presented.
Please decide the present in consideration of other party's favor and family structure.
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How much is the budget of this present?
There is a gift of the rank (2000,3000,5000, 10000, and 20000 yen) around about 3000yen-5000 yen. The budget of Oseibo is decided according to the level of association with the other party.
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